Acne is a general word for blocked pores. Acne is caused by germs, excess oil (sebum), and dead skin cells clogging pores. Acne in teenagers comes in two forms: those that aren’t inflammatory, like blackheads and whiteheads, are caused by a build-up of dead skin cells and sebum, and those that are cysts and nodules, caused by bacteria. Although acne can affect people of any age, hormonal changes in puberty and early adulthood make acne more common in those demographics. During a time of life when there are already a lot of changes going on, this can be very stressful.
Types of acne scars
Acne scars can be further classified into several distinct categories.
Hyperpigmentation – Discoloration can range from brown to red.
Depressed scars – Different types of atrophic scars include ice-pick scars (narrow and deep), boxcar scars (broad and flat), and rolling scars (shallow with smooth edges). Acne in teenagers – Keloids and hypertrophic scars are two more names for them. Severe acne is more likely to leave scars behind as it heals.
– Benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid – They are the two most often used OTC medications for acne.
– Retinoids – These are vitamin A derivatives that help clear out blocked oil glands, which can help stop the development of cysts and nodules.
– Topical and oral antibiotics – Occasional use of these agents has shown promise in treating acne inflammation brought on by the P. acnes bacteria.
– Use noncomedogenic products
– Gently wash skin twice a day
– You already know that regular skin cleaning is a crucial part of any acne treatment regimen, but you may not realise just how much the frequency and method of your washings matter.
– Exfoliate once weekly – In addition to washing your face in the morning and at night, exfoliating your skin once a week can help prevent acne.